Wednesday, August 29, 2012


In view of Supreme Court’s decision against following reservation policy for Promotion in employment, Government is cautious now and postponed its plan to bring an amendment bill to provide Constitutional Validity to Reservation in Promotions for SC and ST Employees.
An All party meeting was conducted by Prime Minister Shri.Manmohan Singh in this connection. Prime Minister said in the meeting that the Government is in favour of allowing reservation for Promotion and that Government would review the bill again for examining the legal aspects before bringing theamendment bill again.
The leaders of other parties have also adviced that before this bill is tabled it has to be examined properly so that the enacted bill is legally valid in all aspects.
Earlier, in the month of April 2012, Apex Court had decided against the Uttar Pradesh Government’s order to follow reservation policy for SC and ST employees in Government posts.
Source: Zee News


Now, Children studying in Kendriya Vidyalaya have reasons to rejoice as Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangethan is deliberating to implement 5 days a week working Schedule for all KVs situated in India. Incidentally, Kendriya Vidyalayas Situated outside India such as Iran, Moscow, Katmandu are working only five days a week only.
It is reported that reason behind the proposal to follow 5 days a week work schedule is to allow Students to “pursue self-learning” and follow their passion and indulge in non-academic activities. Five-day week would give “space” to children who, for years, merely get an off on Sundays besides the second Saturday of the month. “Keeping them bound to the school routine six days a week is detrimental to their natural growth of talent in various fields,”


No. 2(9)12012-E.II(B)
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Expenditure
New Delhi, 27th August 2012


Subject- Clarification on the admissibility of House Rent Allowance (HRA) during the Child Care Leave (CCL) – Reg.

The undersigned is directed to refer to Para 6(a)(i) of this Ministry’s O.M.No.2(37)-E.II(B)/64 dated 27.11.1965, as amended from time to time, on regulation of House Rent Allowance during Leave which stipulates that a Government servant is entitled to draw HRA…..during total leave of all kinds not exceeding 180 days and the first 180 days of the leave if the actual duration of leave exceeds that period, but does not  include terminal leave, ….. It has also been stipulated, there under, that drawal of the allowance (HRA) during the period of leave in excess of first 180 day availed of on grounds other than medical grounds mentioned in sub-para (ii), shall be subject to furnishing of the certificate prescribed in Para 8(d) of the O.M. ibid.

2. This Ministry has been receiving representations from the female employees that certain Central Government Ministries / Department / Establishments are not allowing HRA during the Child Care Leave (CCL), especially when taken in continuation of Maternity Leave of 180 days. The reason for their reluctance may be the fact that CCL has been first introduced on the recommendations of the 6th Central Pay Commission, though the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT), vide their O.M .No 13018/1/2010-Estt.(Leave) dated 07.09.2010 inter-alia, reiterated that the leave (CCL) is to be treated like Earned Leave and sanctioned as such.

3. It is, therefore, clarified that the ‘total leave of all kinds’ as referred to in Para 6(a) of this Ministry’s OM dated 27.1.65 ibid, will include Child Care Leave for regulating grant of HRA during leave, subject to fulfilment of all other conditions stipulated there under, from time to time. It is also clarified that drawal of HRA during leave (including CCL) in excess of first 180 days, if otherwise admissible, shall be subject to furnishing of the certificate prescribed in Para 8(d).

4. These orders take effect from 01.09.2008. HRA during CCL, if not paid to women employees who are entitled to it as per this clarification, may be reconsidered, if so requested by the concerned employee.

5. Hindi version is also attached.

(Anil Sharma)
Under Secretary to the Government of India

Sunday, August 26, 2012

Waiting for the postman to ring twice

The Department of Posts is hard at work on a turnaround plan. But is the pace and mode of change enough? Will it succeed anytime soon in re-engineering services to become competitive and increase revenues?
 The main post office in Mysore, renovated under Project Arrow. The government is adopting multiple strategies to revive the Department of Posts
India has the largest postal network in the world. However, in recent years, growing access to inexpensive telephone systems, and options such as e-mail, have reduced popular dependence on the system — and sent the Department of Posts into the red.
Total volumes, both domestic and international, of letters in physical form and parcels, have grown manifold. But much of it has gone to private operators. The DoP’s market share has fallen significantly.
Ranging from exploiting the vast potential of the post office network in rural areas to using information technology and changing the service and product profile, many measures have been adopted to make a turnaround and to bring it out of the red. Indeed, the results have started showing: in the last fiscal, the DoP recorded the sharpest fall in losses in the last decade. Its revenue surged by 13.62 per cent to Rs. 7,910.51 crore, while the expenditure stood at Rs. 13,705.4 crore. Still, the deficit was Rs. 5,794.89 crore.
The government is seeking to achieve the turnaround through a multi-pronged approach. The seven-fold growth in the number of post offices from 23,344 at the time of Independence to 1,54,866 (as on March 31, 2011) is proving to be an asset.
Most of these post offices, 1,39,040 of them (89.78 per cent), are in rural areas, with the remaining 15,826 in urban areas. The network is being used to increase the reach of various social and financial schemes.
The expansion, especially in rural areas, has also been brought about by opening part-time extra-departmental post offices. Post offices now offer mail, retailing, savings bank, life insurance and remittance services, in addition to delivery of social security benefits such as pensions and wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. As many as 5.59 crore MGNREGS accounts were opened in post offices, and wages amounting to Rs. 7,860 crore was disbursed to beneficiaries during 2011-12 through 98,491 post offices.
On an average, a post office in India serves an area of 21.23 sq km, and a population of 7,814 people. The 5.6 lakh-strong workforce enjoys a special bond with the masses, especially in the interiors.
Financial models are being altered to lower operational costs. In urban areas, franchisee outlets are being opened where it is not possible to open a regular post office.
The DoP launched Project Arrow “to achieve a big increase in both customer satisfaction and employee satisfaction with India Post.” The project seeks to cover 2,500 post offices by March 2012 and 7,500 post offices during the 12th Plan period. It envisages a pan-India network that is flexible enough to support future applications that will ensure greater accountability and productivity through the use of technology and improve working conditions.
The Mail Lighthouse Project was the second major initiative to be undertaken. It seeks to optimise the mail network. The three-year programme was launched in 2010 to optimise the postal network from collection to delivery; standardise processes with focus on significant quality improvement and reduction in network complexity; and to establish a performance culture using key performance indicators and regular reviews. It also aimed to modernise “the look and feel’’ of the postal services and infrastructure.
To streamline its bread-and-butter area of mail operations and improve the quality of mail-related services, the Mail Network Optimisation Project was initiated in March 2010. This involves the standardisation of processes and development of a performance monitoring system.
The operational network for Speed Post and other categories of mail has been restructured.
The DoP intends to computerise all departmental post offices, mail offices, administrative and other offices and establishments, under its Information Technology Modernisation Programme. This also envisages provision of connectivity through Rural ICT solutions to enable electronic networking of nearly 1,29,500 extra-departmental branch post offices.
With 99.26 per cent of the 25,154 departmental post offices having been computerised by March 31, 2012, the DoP is looking to capitalise on this by making post offices the focal point of delivery of social security schemes.
Its revenue share falling in the core area of mail distribution due to the proliferation of courier companies that took away a large part of the business, and the arrival of cheaper and faster communication options of phones and e-mails that have reduced dependence on paper-based communication, the DoP has also taken to the use of technology to face the challenges.
Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal wants the DoP to address the twin challenges of technological modernisation and diversification. He also observed that while GIS mapping, tracking of mails, automation of sorting services and standardisation of parcels is being worked upon, there is a need to re-engineer the postal service to keep it competitive and increase its sources of revenues. The DoP is using technology to reach out to people, Sachin Pilot, Minister of State for Information and Communications, asserts.
The DoP’s road map for the 12th Plan period indicates that the transformation process for making India Post a pivotal player in the area of communications, logistic and governance has started. But the challenge is to make the best of the enviable network of post offices that has been built up and utilise the personnel who know their turf well and who often have a special bond with the people they serve.
But it is bound to be a long haul, and the challenges before the government are quite steep. 
Source : The Hindu, August 26, 2012

Friday, August 24, 2012


model paper prepared and compiled by Akula. Praveen Kumar, SPM, Papannapet Sub Office-502 303, Medak Division, Andhra Pradesh

Disclaimer:- All questions/Information provided in this post are Compiled by A. Praveen Kumar for in good faith of Departmental Employees. The types of questions, number of questions and standard of questions may be vary in actual examination. This is my predictions only. Author of blog does not accepts any responsibility in relation to the accuracy, completeness, usefulness or otherwise, of the contents.

This is a practice paper only.

                                                 PAPER- 1

Instructions to Candidates
1. Answer All the Questions in 60 Minutes
2. Each question Carries “2” Marks
3. Round off the appropriate choice in OMR sheet

   PART-A (General English)

Directions: -1-2): A word has been written in four different ways, out of which only one is correctly spelt. Find the correctly spelt word

1. 1) Resteurant             2) Restaurant            3) Resterant           4) Resteurent

2. 1) Sacer                    2) Sauser                  3) Saser                 4) Saucer

Directions: - 3-4:)   Identify the silent letters in the following questions

3. Pneumonia

1) P                  2) U                    3) M              4) I

4. Taught

1) U                  2) A                    3) G               4) H

Directions: 5-7:)
Fill in the blanks with appropriate Verbs

5. It is quite dark here. Lease________ the light

1) Put            2) Burn               3) Switch         4) Switch on

6. Dr. Srinivas______ practicing Medicine since 1985

1) is               2) has been         3) had been           4) shell be

7. It is time for the shop to________ up

1) shut           2) be shut                3) being shut     4) have shut

Directions: 8-9: Fill in the blanks with appropriate Plurals

8. The ___ rooms are upstairs.

1) children's     2) childs                 3)children         4) childrens’

9. That is my ___ umbrella.

1) Fathers        2) father's               3) father           4) fathers'

10. When you write a letter where do you write the “Salutation” 

1) At the right hand side of the top of the page

2) In the centre of the page

3) Left hand side of the Paper

4) At the end of the letter

11. Where do you write your address in a letter? 

1) Left hand side of the page

2) Right hand side of the top of the page

3) Right hand side below the page

4) At the end of the letter

12. Supply the correct past tense of the verb in bracket

After she ______ (hear) the news, she hurried to see her friend

1) Hearing                2) hears              3) heard           4) none

Directions:-13-14. Fill in the blanks with appropriate Articles

13. The boys played ____ basketball yesterday afternoon

1) a                         2) an                   3) the                4) none

14. ___ ant is __ insect.

1) an - a                 2) an - an              3) the-a             4) none

Directions:-15-16. Fill in the blanks with appropriate Prepositions

15. I looked this word ___ in the dictionary, but I still don't understand it. 

1) from                   2) on                   3) up                 4) over

16. Have you read the article _____ Time magazine ____ Google?

1) on - on               2) to -on             3) in - on           4) from - on

Directions: 17-18:- Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters.


1. Useless          2. Futile               3.Purposeful           4.Profitable


1. Uncertain       2.Ignorant            3.Sure                    4. Doubtful

Directions: 19-20 choose the word that is most nearly same meaning to the word in capital letters.


1. Energetic         2.Observant        3.Intelligent            4.Watchful


1. Unbiased       2.Non-aligned         3.Undecided       4.Indifferent

                           PART-B (Arithmetic)

21. A number when divided by 114 leaves the reminder 21. If the same number is divided by 19 the remainder will be 

(1) 1            (2) 2                (3) 7             (4) 21

22. The sum of two numbers is 216 and their HCF is 27. The numbers are 

1) 27, 189    (2) 81,189       (3) 108, 108       (4) 154, 167

23. Which of the following fraction is the largest? 

(1) 7/8         (2) 13/16            (3) 31/40            (4) 63/80

24. 0.002 x 0.5 =? 

1) 0.0001      (2) 0.001          (3) 0.01               (4) 0.1

24. The greatest four digit perfect square number is 

1) 9000            (2) 9801          (3) 9900             (4) 9981

25. The least number to be subtracted from 1000 to get a number exactly divisible by 17 

1) 7                  (2) 13               (3) 14                  (4) 17

26. If a : b= 2 : 5 then 3a +4b : 4a +5b = 

1) 1:5               (2) 12:40          (3) 8:7                   (4) 26:33

27. The Percentage of 8 in 96 is 

1) 8                  (2)25/3            (3) 25/2                   (4) 16

28. 52. If A : B= 3 : 4 and B:C = 5 : 6 then A : C = equal to 
1) 1:2                 (2) 2:5           (3) 5:8                      (4) 7:11

29. Three numbers are in the ratio 4:5:6, and their average is 25. The largest number is 

1) 30                  (2) 32            (3) 36                        (4) 42

30. The average weight of 16 boys in a class room is 50.25 Kgs and that of the remaining 8 boys is 45.15 Kgs. Find the average weight of all the boys’ class room 
1) 47.55 Kgs      (2) 48 Kgs       (3) 48.55Kgs            (4) 49.25 Kgs

31. A, B and C start a business with investments 6000, 7000, 8000 respectively. The profit at the end of the year is Rs 3150/-. The share of the B in the profit 

1) 900                  (2) 1050           (3) 1200                    (4)1000
32. The total monthly salary of 4 men 2 women is Rs 46000. If a women earns Rs 500/-more than a man, what is monthly salary of a women 

1) 6500                  (2) 7500          (3) 8000                     (4) 9000

33. Rs 540 are to be distributed among Nisha, Lata, Prabha in the ratio 2:3:4, Nisha will get Rs. 
1) 125                     (2) 120              (3) 180                        (4) 240
34. A man is 24 years older than his son. In two years his age will be twice the age of his son. The present age of the son is 

1) 14                        (2) 18               (3) 20                           (4) 22

35. In a factory 40% of the employees are from Telangana and 10 % of them are from Medak. What Percent of the total employees are from Medak

1) 50                         (2) 30               (3) 10                           (4) 4

36. A and B cum do a piece of work in 6 days and A alone can do it in 9 days. In how many days B alone can do it 

1) 12                           (2) 14              (3) 16                             (4) 18

37. A watch is sold for Rs 1050 at a loss of 10%. The cost price of the watch is 

1) 1125                        (2) 1200           (3) 1188                      (4) 972

38. Rs 800 at 5% per annum compound interest will amount to 882 in 

1) 1 yr                         ( 2) 2 yrs             (3) 3yrs                       (4) 4 yrs

39. A sum becomes 3 times in 3 years in compound interest. How many times it will become in 9 years 

1) 9 times                     (2) 18 times         (3) 27 times                 (4) 36 times

40. A sum becomes Rs. 6600 in 4 years at % of Simple interest. Find the sum 

1) 6000                        (2) 5500                 (3) 5000                    (4) 6500
41. By selling an article for Rs 110, a man losses 12%. For how much should he sell to gain 8 % 

1) 135                           (2) 130                     (3) 140                      (4) 145

42. A man sold 2 watches for Rs 90/- each. On one watch he gained 10% and on the other he lost 10%. Find the percentage of gain or loss 

1) 1%                               (2) 3%                      (3) 2%                       (4) 4 %

43. A trader fixes the price of his goods 40% above the cost and then allows a discount of 25%. His profit is 

1) 15%                              (2) 10%                    (3) 5%                          (4) 2o%

44. A and B cum do a piece of work in 6 days and A alone can do it in 9 days. In how many days B alone can do it 

1) 12                                     (2) 14                      (3) 16                              (4) 18

45. 25 meters per second = ---------- Km per hour

1) 72                                       (2) 90                     (3) 54                             (4) 108

Directions: 46-50 :- To answer the questions, study the following chart and answer the questions that follow.

% of marks secured                                     % Students

90% to 100%                                                    3%

80% to90%                                                       7%

70 % to 80%                                                    15%

60% to 70%                                                      22%

50% t 60%                                                         33%

40% to 50%                                                      15%

Less than 40%                                                      5%

46. If the total no. Of students who took the exam was 800. How many secured above 70 % 

1) 120                             (2) 200                 (3) 60              (4) 100

47. How many secured 50% or less, if the total number of the students was 800 
1) 160                            (2) 120                   (3) 150              (4) 40

48. If the 12 students secured between 90% or more, what was the total number of students who took the exam 

1) 500                             (2) 400                     (3) 800            (4) 600

49. If 75 students secured between 70 and 80% how many secured between 60 and 70% 

1) 110                               (2) 66                       (3) 220            (4) 115

50. If total number of students who took the test was 600, how many secured between 80 and 90% 

1) 350                               (2) 450                      (3)320                (4) 420


1.--2, 2.—4, 3.—1, 4.—3, 5—4, 6-- 2, 7—2, 8—1, 9—2, 10—3, 11—2, 12—3, 13--4, 14--2 , 15-3

16—3, 17—4, 18—2, 19—4, 20—1, 21—2, 22—1, 23—1, 24—2, 25—3, 26—4, 27—2, 28—3, 

29-1, 30—3, 31—2, 32—3, 33—2, 34—4, 35—4, 36—4, 37—2, 38—2, 39—3, 40—3, 41—1, 

42—1, 43--3, 44—4, 45--2 , 46—1, 47—1, 48—2, 49—1, 50--4


Corruption Cases Against Top Officials

As per the information provided by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), it has registered 97 cases [71 Regular Cases (RCs) and 26 Preliminary Enquiries (PEs)] involving 129 officers of the rank of Joint Secretary and above during the last 3 years i.e. 2009, 2010, 2011 & 2012 (upto 31.7.2012). 15 officers are involved in more than one case.
As on 31.07.2012, out of the aforesaid 71 RCs, Charge sheets have been filed in 30 cases against 31 officers of the rank of Joint Secretary and above.
As on 31.7.2012 sanctions for prosecution are pending in 14 CBI cases with respective Central Ministries/Departments against 14 officers of the rank of Joint Secretary & above. 02 officers are common in 02 cases each.
Further, permission under section 6A of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946, for conducting enquiry/investigation, are pending in respect of 23 officers of the rank of Joint Secretary and above.
The Supreme Court of India, vide its judgment dated 18th December, 1997 in the case of Vineet Narain Vs. Union of India, directed that “time limit of three months for grant of sanction for prosecution must be strictly adhered to. However, additional time of one month may be allowed where consultation is required with the Attorney General (AG) or any Law Officer in the AG’s office”.
It is sometime not possible to adhere to this time-limit. The delay which occurs in the sanctioning of prosecution is mostly on account of detailed scrutiny and analysis of voluminous case records and evidence, consultation with Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), State Governments and other agencies, and sometimes non-availability of relevant documentary evidence.

However, in order to check delays in grant of sanction for prosecution, the Department of Personnel & Training has issued guidelines vide its OM No.399/33/2006-AVD-III dated 6th November, 2006 followed by another OM dated 20th December, 2006, providing for a definite time frame at each stage for handling of requests from CBI for prosecution of public servants.
The Group of Ministers on tackling corruption, in its First Report, had also given certain recommendations for speedy disposal of sanction of prosecution cases, which included-taking decision on such cases within 3 months; monitoring of such cases at the level of Secretary of the Ministry/ Department and submission of report to the Cabinet Secretary; and in cases of refusal to accord sanction, submission of a report to the next higher authority within 7 days for information (where competent authority is Minister such report is to be submitted to the Prime Minister). The said recommendation of the GoM has been accepted by Government and instructions have been issued by the Government on 03.05.2012.
As regards permission under section 6A of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946, the Group of Ministers on tackling corruption in its First Report has recommended that the competent authority shall decide the matter within three months with speaking orders and in the event a decision is taken to refuse permission the reasons thereof shall be submitted to the next higher authority within one week for information (where competent authority is Minister, such report is to be submitted to the Prime Minister). This recommendation was accepted by the Government and instructions issued on 26.09.2011.
This was stated by Shri V. Narayanasamy, Minister of State of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension and Prime Minister Office in written reply to a question by Sh. Shadi Lal Batra in the Rajya Sabha today.
Source : PIB, August 23, 2012

Provisions in Laws for the Protection of Children

Provisions exist in laws for the protection of children both within and outside schools. These include:
(i) The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009: Section 17 of the Act provides that no child shall be subjected to physical punishment or mental harassment and whoever contravenes the provision shall be liable to disciplinary action. The States have notified Government orders prohibiting corporal punishment in schools. The National Commission for Protection of Children (NCPCR) has also issued guidelines on corporal punishment in August 2007 and again in May 2009 and March 2012. NCPCR also takes up complaints of violations of children’s right to protection in schools and outside the schools with the concerned authorities of the State Governments and UT Administrations from time to time for remedial measures.
(ii) The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000: Section 23 of the Act provides that whoever, having the actual charge of or control over, a child, assaults, abandons, exposes or willfully neglects the child or causes or procures him to be assaulted, abandoned, exposed or neglected in a manner likely to cause such child unnecessary mental or physical suffering shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may be extended to six months, or fine or with both.
(iii) The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences, 2012: The Act penalizes management or staff of an educational institution with higher punishment for committing sexual offences against children. The law helps in prevention of an offence, thereby protecting a child from sexual abuse.
(iv) The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, prescribes norms and standards for a school. As per the latest figures available under the District Information System for Education (DISE) 2010-11, 80.87% schools have separate toilets for girls.
This was stated by Smt. Krishna Tirath, Minister for Women and Child Development in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha today.
                                                                                                                Source : PIB, August 23, 2012

Monday, August 20, 2012

Government of India has declared the New Postal Policy 2012. Shri Kapil Sibal, Minister Communications & IT has made a press statement also. Finally Govt. has decided to end the monopoly of Postal Department in collecting, processing, conveyance and delivery of letter mail articles and allow private couriers also to function legally.
As per the Govt’s. version – “the idea is to develop Indian Postal Sector as a full-fledged market, bring in more service providers to enhance employment (?) and contribution to nations GDP (?).” It further states that – “At present Department of Posts, which has around five lakhs employees, is the sole body responsible for policy making, regulation and providing postal service. The over 100 year old Indian Post office Act, which governs the Postal sector, bars any individual or entity from delivering letter for commercial purpose.” Communication Minister has asked Department of Posts to create a framework to support small and medium Postal Operators (i.e. couriers) and new models to encourage entrepreneurship in the sector.
One of the guiding principles of the National Postal Policy (NPP) is promotion of partnership between private and public postal sectors. (i.e between couriers and Department of Posts) and to promote cooperation, inter action, resource sharing and fair competition among stake holders.
The NPP says that – “Competition leads to consumer satisfaction through lower prices, more choice and better quality of service. Efforts are therefore required to promote competition in the provision of Postal Services so as to maximize benefits to customers, particularly in rural and inaccessible areas Therefore it is necessary to develop a governance and legislative system that promotes fair competition in the Postal market and offers customer ample choice”.
In order to implement the above stated privatization policy, the Government is planning to separate the functions of policy making, regulation and operations of the over 150 years old Department of Posts. An independent body named Postal Development Board (PDB) will be responsible for the overall development and governance of the Postal Sector (including courier services). The PDB will also draw a roadmap for unbundling (ending monopoly and allowing private participation) of Postal departments functions.
The PDB will be set up under Secretary (Posts) and will include secretaries of Department of Economic Affairs, Department of Electronics and Imformation Technology, Department of Commerce and two members from Postal Services Board. A Postal Advisory Board (PAB) will be constituted which will have representation from Government, Industry payers, academics and other stake holders, to provide inputs to PDB on policy matters.
If the NPP is implemented in its totality, then the Postal Department will definitely meet the fate of Telecom. The existence of Department and job security of the five lakhs Postal employees will be in danger. NFPE calls upon the Postal and RMS employees including GDS to be ready for serious trade union action if the Government take any unilateral decision to privatise postal sector.